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新东方网>主站中学>中考>初二年级>英语>正文

八年级英语下册 Unit 5 话题二知识点总结

2018-03-01 18:01

来源:新东方网整理

作者:

  一.重点句型。

  Section A

  1. Anything wrong? 有什么麻烦吗?

  此句为省略句,完整的句子是:Is there anything wrong?

  e.g. Is there anything wrong with your head? 你的头有什么毛病吗?

  2. I’m sorry to hear that. 很抱歉听到这个消息。

  be sorry to do sth. 很抱歉做某事;

  e.g. I’m very sorry to keep you waiting so long. 很抱歉让你等这么久。

  3. What seems to be the problem? 到底是怎么回事?

  4. She is crying in the bathroom because she did badly in the English exam.因为考不好,她在洗手间里哭呢。

  badly为副词,修饰动词的副词通常放在被修饰的动词之后。如:listen carefully, read quickly等。do badly in 在……方面做得不好,与do well in意思相反。

  e.g. Why do you think you did so badly in your text? 你认为为什么你考得这么差?

  He did very well in English when he was young. 他小时候就很擅长英语。

  5. She is very strict with herself. 她对自己要求很严格。

  A. be strict with sb. 对……要求严格,后面接人作宾语。

  e.g. The teacher is strict with us. 老师对我们要求很严格。

  B. be strict about/in sth. 在……方面要求严格;

  e.g. His father is strict with him about/in study.

  他的父亲在学习方面对他要求很严格。

  6. She feels very lonely because she has no friends to talk with. 她感到很寂寞,因为没有朋友可以聊天。

  1)alone与lonely比较:

  A. alone既可作副词,又可作形容词,常在句中作表语和状语,说明客观存在。

  e.g. She left for Shangqiu alone. 她独自去了商丘。(状语)

  Jim’s parents both went shopping. So he is alone at home.吉姆的父母都去买东西了。因此只有他自己在家。(表语)

  B. lonely形容词,常在句中作表语、定语,侧重人的心理。

  e.g. There is a lonely room on the side of the hill. 山坡上有一间孤零零的房子。(定语)

  The old man seldom speaks to others, but he never feels lonely.那老人很少与其他人说话,但他从不感到寂寞。(表语)

  2)不定式短语to talk with作后置定语修饰friends。

  e.g. Mary, I can’t go there with you, because I have a lot of homework to do.

  玛丽,我不能和你去那儿,因为我有许多家庭作业要做。

  7. I think I should have a talk with her.

  have a talk with sb.和某人交谈,talk在这里是名词,这个短语相当于talk with sb.。

  e.g. You should have a talk with your son to know what he is thinking about.

  =You should talk with your son to know what he is thinking about.

  你应该和你儿子谈一谈,弄清楚他在想什么。

  类似词组有:have a walk散散步;have a look看一看。

  8. So I send this card to cheer you up. 所以我给你发这张电子卡片想让你振作起来。

  A. send sth.to sb.=send sb. sth. 把某物寄给某人;

  类似的用法还有:

  give sth. to sb.=give sb. sth.把某物给某人;

  pass sth. to sb.=pass sb. sth.把某物传给某人。

  e.g. He will send a postcard to his mother on Mother’s Day

  =He will send his mother a postcard on Mother’s Day.

  他要在母亲节那天寄给妈妈一张贺卡。

  Could you give me that pen?= Could you give that pen to me?

  你能把那支钢笔给我吗?

  He passed the camera to her, so she could take a photo.

  =He passed her the camera, so she could take a photo.

  他把相机递给她,好让她照相。

  B. send sb./sth. to do sth. 送某人/物做某事;

  e.g. I’ll send some workers to help you.我叫几个工人去帮助你。

  9. You don’t need to worry about the English exam. 你没必要为英语考试担心。

  need 需要,在此作实义动词,也可以作情态动词。

  A. need作实义动词时,同其他实义动词一样,有人称和时态的变化,其疑问和否定形式都要借助于助动词do/does/did。

  e.g. Do you need any help? 你需要帮忙吗?

  I don’t need your help, thank you. 谢谢,我不需要你来帮助。

  B. need在疑问句和否定句中可以作情态动词并且没有数和人称形式变化,后面接动词原形,其否定形式为need not/need’t。

  e.g. He need not take the exam. 他不必参加考试。

  10. Try to talk to others, and you’ll be happy again. 试着去和别人谈谈心,你就会重新快乐起来。

  A. try to do sth. 尽力做某事;

  e.g. Try to stay calm. 努力保持冷静。

  B. try not to do sth. 尽量不做某事;

  e.g. You should try not to be alone. 你应该尽量不要单独一个人。

  C. try doing sth. 尝试做某事;

  e.g. You should try doing it like others.你应该和其他人一样尝试去做。

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