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冲刺中考英语易错题200例

2016-05-25 10:02

来源:新东方网整理

作者:

  1.Because he was ill yesterday, so he didn’t go to work. (×)
  Because he was ill yesterday, he didn’t go to work. (√)
  He was ill yesterday, so he didn’t go to work. (√)
  [析] 用though, but表示“虽然……,但是…… ”或用because, so 表示“因为……,所以……”时,though和but 及because和so 都只能择一而用,不能两者同时使用。
  2.The Smiths have moved Beijing. (×)
  The Smiths have moved to Beijing. (√)
  [析] 不及物动词后接名词或代词作宾语时,要在动词之后加上适当的介词;但不及物动词后接home, here, there等副词作宾语时,动词之后不必加任何介词。
  3.The box is too heavy for him to carry it. (×)
  The box is too heavy for him to carry. (√)
  [析] the box既是这句话的主语, 也是不定式to carry的逻辑宾语,若句末再加上it,就和the box重复了。
  4.Each of the boys have a pen. (×)
  Each of the boys has a pen. (√)
  [析] 复数名词前有表个体的each of, one of, every,either of等词组修饰,或有表否定的neither of, none of 等词组修饰时,谓语动词要用单数形式。
  5.例:那是你心软!我不就是一个例子吗?
  Neither he nor you is good at English. (×)
  Neither he nor you are good at English. (√)
  [析] either... or..., neither... nor..., not only..., but also... 等词组连接句子的两个主语时,谓语动词遵循“就近一致原则”, 即由靠近谓语的那个主语决定谓语的人称和数用何种形式。
  6.Ten minus three are seven. (×)
  Ten minus three is seven. (√)
  [析] 用英语表示加(plus)、减(minus)等数学运算时,谓语动词也用单数形式。
  7.The number of the workers in this factory are about 5,000. (×)
  The number of the workers in this factory is about 5,000. (√)
  [析] the number of表示“……的数量”,谓语动词用单数形式;a number of 的意思是“若干”或“许多”,相当于some或a lot of,和复数名词连用,谓语动词用复数形式。
  8. 例. Hello! I have important something to tell you. (×)
  Hello! I have something important to tell you.   (√)
  [析] 形容词或动词不定式修饰不定代词作定语时,修饰成分要置于不定代词之后。
  9. His son is enough old to go to school. (×)
  His son is old enough to go to school. (√)
  [析] enough作形容词修饰名词时,可以放在名词前,也可放在名词后;作副词修饰形容词或副词时,只能放在形容词或副词之后。
  10.. Here is your sweater, put away it.(×)
  Here is your sweater, put it away. (√)
  [析] put away, pick up, put on等“动词+副词”构成的词组后接代词作宾语时,代词只能放在动词和副词之间。
  11. Look! Here the bus comes.(×)
  Look! Here comes the bus.(√)
  [析] 在以here, there引起的陈述句中,若句子的主语是名词,要用倒装语序,即用“Here /There+动词+名词”结构;但主语若是代词时,则不用倒装语序, 即用“Here/There +代词+动词”结构。
  12. I do well in playing football, _______. (我妹妹也行。)A. so my sister does(×)B. so does my sister(√)
  Li Lei is really a football fan. --- _______. (确实这样.) A. So is he(×)         B. So he is(√)
  [析] “so+be动词/助动词+主语”的倒装结构表示前面所述情况也适用于后者,意为“……也是这样”;“so+主语+be动词/助动词”的陈述结构表示对前述情况的肯定,意为“……确实如此”。
  13.重庆比中国的其他城市都大。
  Chongqing is larger than any city in China. (×)Chongqing is larger than any other city in China. (√)
  [析] “any city in China”包括了重庆这座城市, 同一事物自己与自己不能做比较,只有在city 前加上other才能表示重庆和中国的其它城市比较大小。
  The weather in Guangzhou is warmer than Beijing. (×)
  The weather in Guangzhou is warmer than that in Beijing . (√)
  [析] 表示比较时,句子中的两个比较对象必须一致,不同的比较对象不能做比较。错误句的比较对象分别为the weather in Guangzhou和Beijing,这两个不同类的事物之间不能做比较。
  14, His sister married with a teacher last summer.(×)His sister married a teacher last summer. (√)
  [析] 表达“A和B结婚”,要用A married/will marry  B。这时务必要避免受汉语影响使用A married/will marry with B。
  15. 例There is going to have a film tonight. (×) There is going to be a film tonight. (√)
  [析] 一般将来时用在 There be 句式中时,be going to或will之后的动词原形只能用be,也就是说要用There is (are) going to be.... / There will be....。
  16. 例I’ll go hiking if it won’t rain next Sunday. (×)I’ll go hiking if it doesn’t rain next Sunday.(√)
  [析] 习惯上在含有时间状语从句和条件状语从句的复合句中,如果主句的谓语动词用了一般将来时,从句的谓语动词要用一般现在时表示将来的动作。
  17.例 Teacher told us yesterday that the earth went around the sun.  (×)
  Teacher told us yesterday that the earth goes around the sun.   (√)
  [析] 习惯上在含有宾语从句的复合句中,主句的谓语动词用了一般过去时,从句的谓语动词要用过去的某种时态。但如果从句表述的是一客观事实或客观真理时,则不受主句时态的影响,而用一般现在时。
  18. All the balls are not round. 翻译成汉语:
  所有的球都不是圆的。(×)并不是所有的球都是圆的。(√)
  [析] all, every, both等词和not连用时,not通常放在all, every, both的后面,一般情况下表示部分否定,意为“并非……都……”。
  19. 例--- He didn’t go to school yesterday, did he?-- _______, though he didn’t feel very well.
  A. No, he didn’t (×)        B. Yes, he did (√)
  例--- Don’t you usually come to school by bike?-- _______. But I sometimes walk.
  A. No, I don’t (×)          B. Yes, I do (√)
  [析] 习惯上英语中的yes意为“是的”,no意为“不”,但在“前否后肯”的反意疑问句或否定疑问句中,yes意为“不”,no意为“是的”。
  20.---- Excuse me, is the supermarket far from here?---- No,it's about _______.
  A.      7 minutes walk  B. 7 minute walk  C. 7 minutes'  walk  D. 7 minute's walk
  答案为C。本题考查名词所有格用法。当名词的复数以-s结尾时,则只需要加“'”即可,则“7分钟的距离”为“7 minutes'  walk”。
  21. You can not imagine how much I ______ on this dress. Is it beautiful?
  A. paid     B. took     C. cost     D. spent
  [剖析] 答案为D。本题考察四个表“花费”的动词辨析。主语为人,且和介词on搭配的动词是spend。
  22. ---- Do you know _____ university student who is talking with Joe?---- Yes, she,s my cousin, Kate.
  A. a     B. an    C. the   D. /
  [剖析] 答案为C。university虽然以元音字母u开头,但其前若使用不定冠词时,则要用a.不过此题中不能使用不定冠词,而是特指和Joe说话的那个大学生,故要选the。
  23. The number of giant pandas is getting ______ because their living areas are becoming farmlands.
  A. less and less  B. larger and larger  C. smaller and smaller   D. fewer and
  fewer
  [剖析] 答案为C。句意为“大熊猫的数量越来越少因为他们的生存空间正逐渐变成农场”。本题中四个选项都是“比较级+ and + 比较级”的结构,表示“越来越……”。主语为number,只能和large或small搭配。而结合句意可判断答案为C。
  24. Be careful when you come _______ the street,because the traffic is very busy
  at the moment.A. across   B. behind    C. between   D. over
  [剖析] 答案为A。本题考察方位介词的用法。“过马路”一般为表面横穿,因此要用across。
  25. ---- Do you often clean your classroom?---- Yes, our classroom ______ every day.
  A. clean   B. cleans   C. is cleaned   D. Cleaned
  [剖析] 答案为C。句中有every day,主语为our classroom,故要用一般现在时的被动语态。

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